Paul Linton

Columbia University (USA)

NOMIS Foundation Fellow

A new approach to 3D vision

2022–2023: Fall and Spring
2023–2024: Fall and Spring
2024–2025: Fall and Spring

Paul Linton is a neuroscientist and philosopher specialising in 3D vision. He is the author of the book The Perception and Cognition of Visual Space (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017), and the lead editor of the Royal Society volume New Approaches to 3D Vision

Paul received his PhD in 2021 from the Centre for Applied Vision Research at City, University of London, where his research challenged our understanding of distance perception (see the Psychonomic Society podcast “Knocking a longstanding theory of distance perception”), and was also part of the DeepFocus team at Meta Reality Labs. 

At the Italian Academy he has developed new theories of Visual Scale (the perceived size and distance of scenes and objects) and Visual Shape (the perceived 3D geometry of scenes and objects), now published in his article “Minimal Theory of 3D Vision: New Approach to Visual Scale and Visual Shape” (2023), and at the Vision Sciences Society (2024) he presented the “Linton Stereo Illusion”, a new way of investigating human stereo vision.

For more details on his work please see, and follow him on Twitter at