You are here


Holocaust Remembrance: To Be a Child During the Holocaust

Patricia Heberer Rice (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum)
In Their Own Words: The World of the Child During the Holocaust

Emily Langer (The Washington Post)
“We Are Very Lucky”: Two Young Italian Sisters Who Survived Auschwitz

Welcoming remarks:
Barbara Faedda (Italian Academy, Columbia University)

Europe and the United Nations commemorate the victims of the Shoah each winter on the date of Auschwitz's liberation in 1945, and the Italian Academy marks Holocaust Remembrance Day with an annual academic event exploring issues of discrimination and crimes against humanity. In previous years, the Academy broadened its focus to explore groups that were targeted in the racism and xenophobia of the Nazi and Fascist regimes, and that suffered and died along with the millions of Jews: the Roma and Sinti (known as Gypsies); homosexuals; women; and the disabled. Last year, the event addressed music, Fascism, and the Holocaust.

Patricia Heberer Rice has served as an historian with the Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington since 1994. There she serves as a Museum specialist on medical crimes and eugenics policies in Nazi Germany. Dr. Heberer Rice earned her baccalaureate and masters degrees from Southern Illinois University; she later pursued doctoral studies at the Free University of Berlin and the University of Maryland, receiving her Ph.D from the latter institution. In addition to contributions to several USHMM publications, she has recently authored a source edition, Children During the Holocaust, a volume in the Center’s series, Documenting Life and Destruction, appearing in 2011. A further publication, Atrocities on Trial: The Politics of Prosecuting War Crimes in Historical Perspective, co-edited with Juergen Mattäus, appeared in 2008 with the University of Nebraska Press.

Emily Langer is a reporter for The Washington Post. In working on the obituaries desk, she has had the opportunity to engage with some of the most fascinating assignments in today’s journalism and has written about national and world leaders, celebrated figures in the arts and sciences, and heroes from all walks of life. Before joining the Post in 2007, Langer was an Italian major at Georgetown University and a 2010–2011 Fulbright fellow in Trieste, Italy. While abroad, she researched the Risiera di San Sabba, the only Nazi concentration camp in Italy with a crematorium. Her presentation on the Bucci sisters is derived from two features that she wrote for The Washington Post.

Remembrance Symposia at the Academy since 2008

(Talks marked with an

2008 Law and Science in the Service of Racism: the “Leggi Razziali”
Ruth Ben-Ghiat, The Italian Racial Laws: Pretexts, Subtexts, Aftermaths
Lidia Santarelli, The Righteous Enemy?
Fascist Italy and the Jews in Axis-Occupied Europe
Alexander Stille, The Holocaust and the Case of Italy

2009 Anti-Semitism at Home and Abroad
Ira Katznelson, The Liberal Alternative:
Jews in the United States during the Decades of Italian Fascism
Claudio Lomnitz [originally scheduled], Dreyfus in Latin America:
Anti-Semitism and the Ideology of the Mexican Revolution

2010 Rome’s Jewish Ghetto
Kenneth Stow, “Doing as the Romans Do” . . . But Also Staying Jewish.
The Challenge of Life in the Roman Ghetto, 1555–1870
Irina Oryshkevich, Accommodating the Jews in the “New Jerusalem” *

 2011 “Racially Inferior”: Roma, Sinti, and Other Holocaust Victims
Krista Hegburg, “Unknown Holocaust”: Roma and Sinti in Hitler’s Europe
Robert Kushen, Roma in Today’s Europe:
Contemporary Patterns of Prejudice and Discrimination

2012 “Unnatural Indecency”: Sexuality and Homosexuality during
Nazism and Fascism
Ted Phillips, Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals 1933–1945 *
Elizabeth Leake, Fascism and Sexuality in Italian Literature and Film

2013 “The Unfit”: Disability under Nazism and Fascism
Patricia Heberer Rice, Giving a Face to Faceless Victims:
Profiles of Disabled Victims of the Nazi “Euthanasia” Program
Susan Bachrach, Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race *
David Forgacs, Photographing Places of Social Exclusion

2014 Gender and Anti-Semitism: Women’s Rights Yesterday and Today
Victoria de Grazia, Fascist Men and Jewish Women
Yasmine Ergas, Women’s Rights and Women’s Freedoms:
A View from the Present
Elissa Bemporad, Female Voices of the Holocaust

2015 Music, Fascism, and the Holocaust
Michael Beckerman, Moravia and the Wild Goose: Terezin, Summer 1944
Harvey Sachs, Jewish and Anti-Fascist Musicians in Mussolini’s Italy *

2016 To Be a Child during the Holocaust
Patricia Heberer Rice, In Their Own Words:
The World of the Child during the Holocaust
Emily Langer, “We Are Very Lucky”:
Two Young Italian Sisters Who Survived Auschwitz

2017 Looted Art, Nazism, and Fascism
Monica Dugot
Jasmin Hartmann, "Non signalés par les Anglais."
Provenance research on French drawings acquired in France in 1944
Ilaria Pavan, Jewish persecution and looted art in Italy: evidence and denial, 1938–2015
Moderator: Lynn Rother